Last edited by Gusho
Wednesday, July 22, 2020 | History

1 edition of Evaluation of forest fire retardants found in the catalog.

Evaluation of forest fire retardants

a test of chemicals on laboratory fires

by Charles E. Hardy

  • 340 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published by Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station in Ogden, Utah .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Forest fires,
  • Environmental aspects,
  • Prevention and control,
  • Fire extinguishing agents

  • Edition Notes

    StatementC.E. Hardy, R.C. Rothermel, J.B. Davis
    SeriesResearch paper / Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station -- no. 64, Research paper (Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station (Ogden, Utah)) -- no. 64.
    ContributionsRothermel, Richard C., Davis, James B. (James Bernard), 1926-
    The Physical Object
    Paginationii, 33 p. :
    Number of Pages33
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL25952342M
    OCLC/WorldCa39303552

      Author of Fire retardant-caused corrosion, Determining fire retardant quality in the field, Evaluation of megatard , Fire retardant viscosity measured by modified marsh funnel, Revised marsh funnel calibrations for measuring fire retardant viscosity, Revised Marsh Funnel table for measuring viscosity of fire retardants, Evaluation of liquid ammonium polyphosphate fire retardants. Full Article. Impregnation of Preservative and Fire Retardants into Japanese Cedar Lumber by Passive Impregnation. Md Nazrul Islam, a, * Keisuke Ando, a Hidefumi Yamauchi, b Daisuke Kamikawa, c Toshiro Harada, c and Nobuaki Hattori a Copper azole type B (CAz-B) preservative and polyphosphatic carbamate (PPC) fire retardants were impregnated in succession into green (97% MC) and kiln-dried .

    Evaluation of Aerial Suppression Techniques and Guidelines The number of aircraft used in fighting bushfires in Australia rose from just a few in the mids to several dozen by , with some, especially the large Erickson Aircrane helicopters, attracting wide .   Wood is one of the most sustainable, aesthetically pleasing and environmentally benign materials. Not only is wood often an integral part of structures, it is also the main source of furnishings found in homes, schools, and offices around the world. The often inevitable hazards of fire make wood a very desirable material for further investigation. As well as ignition resistance and a low heat Cited by:

    water) applications, fire retardants and nonpressure applications. Best Management Practices (BMPs) BMPs are a set of environmental guidelines established by the Western Wood Preservers Institute, Southern Pressure Treaters Association, Wood Preservation Canada, and the Southern Forest Products Association for products used in aquatic or wetland. of the forest range from increased erosion and problems for water quality, to habitat degradation. Standards and guidelines were reviewed, including envir-onmental- and fire-focused documents. Of particular inter-est is the ISO Standard , Guidelines for Assessing the Adverse Environmental Impact of Fire Effluents. ISO Cited by: 5.


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Evaluation of forest fire retardants by Charles E. Hardy Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: United States. Forest Service. Evaluation of forest fire retardants. [Washington, DC?]: Forest Service, Chemistry of Fire Retardancy SUSAN L.

LEVAN U.S. Department of Agriculture,Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI Fire retardancy of wood involves a complex series of simultaneous chemical reactions, the products of which take part in subsequent reactions.

Most fire retardants used for wood increase the dehydration File Size: KB. Long-term forest fire retardants: A review of quality, effectiveness, application and environmental considerations Article (PDF Available) in International Journal of Wildland Fire 13(1.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Evaluation of liquid ammonium polyphosphate fire retardants. Ogden, Utah: Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest. An evaluation of the drop characteristics and ground distribution patterns of forest fire retardants by C.

George,Intermountain Forest & Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture edition, in EnglishPages: A wildfire, wildland fire or rural fire is an uncontrolled fire in an area of combustible vegetation occurring in rural areas.

Depending on the type of vegetation present, a wildfire can also be classified more specifically as a brush fire, bushfire (in Australia), desert fire, forest fire, grass fire, hill fire, peat fire, vegetation fire, or veld fire.

An Evaluation of the Drop Characteristics and Ground Distribution Patterns of Forest Fire Retardants Charles W.

George Intermountain Forest & Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, - Aeronautics in forest fire control - 60 pages.

Testing of Fire Retardants. Evaluation of fire safety materials and products of wood and based on wood, textbook, Technical University in Zvolen, Zvolen, "Drysdale's book is by far.

Flame retardants are chemicals that are applied to materials to prevent the start or slow the growth of fire. They have been used in many consumer and industrial products since the s, to decrease the ability of materials to ignite. Flame retardants are often added or.

An Evaluation of the Drop Characteristics and Ground Distribution Patterns of Forest Fire Retardants by Charles W. George Book Resume: Download or read An Evaluation of the Drop Characteristics and Ground Distribution Patterns of Forest Fire Retardants book by clicking button below to visit the book download website.

There are multiple format. improved fire performance in the E84 or room/corner testing. PREVIOUS RESEARCH ON FIRE RETARDANT WOOD WITH STANDARD FIRE TESTING The Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) was an early innovator in development of fire-retardant treatments (FRTs) and.

Each year a variety of fire chemicals are used to fight wildland fires. The long-term fire retardants are ammonia-based chemicals considered to be non-toxic to terrestrial organisms and of low to moderate toxicity to aquatic organisms (Finger ).

Certain fire-retardant chemicals contain sodium ferrocyanide, (yellow prussiate of soda or YPS). Studies evaluating fire retardants for WPCs have shown that fire performance can be improved. However, it is impossible to compare various classes of fire retardants because the studies evaluated WPCs with different matrix materials and fire retardant contents using a range of fire performance by: The Handbook on Forest Fire Protection, serving as a technical fi re guide, has the three following objectives: − Give an overview of the present knowledge in the fi eld of forest fi re in the Mediterranean basin; − Provide a practical technical document designed as a helping tool; − Serve as a basis for the exchange of ideas.

In order to provide an account of the current state of development of studies on long-term forest fire retardants, we carried out a bibliographic analysis with special attention to work done after on the different aspects that influence the final effectiveness of forest fire retardant: quality (programs and evaluation), effectiveness Cited by: Fire Chemical information is summarized for inclusion into the Interagency Standards for Fire and Fire Aviation Operations (Red Book), the Fireline Handbook, the Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), and Job Aids for use in the field and in training classes.

Fire Management Notes, No. 1, Winter, ( Mb) This edition has a summary of the National Air Tanker Study (NATS) which was released in two phases in. An Evaluation of the Drop Characteristics and Ground Distribution Patterns of Forest Fire Retardants (Ogden, UT: Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S.

Dept. of Agriculture, ), by C. George and Aylmer D. Blakely (page images at HathiTrust). Fire-retardant gels are superabsorbent polymer slurries with a "consistency almost like petroleum jelly." Used as fire retardants, they can be used for structure protection and in direct-attack applications against wildfires.

They are also used in the movie industry to protect stunt persons from flames when filming action movie scenes. This report discusses a proposed new fire retardant system and the laboratory analysis and evaluation of the retardant solution produced.

The demand mix system uses an ammonium sulfate based concentrate to which a gum-thickener (with or without coloring) is added as the solution is delivered to the aircraft.

Attention is given to the physical and chemical characteristics and. An ammonium sulfate—water retardant mixture is compared to previously used ammonium sulfate retardants. The test results indicate that the mixture is an effective retardant and has application and suppression qualities more desirable than the clay thickened ammonium sulfate previously used.

Test results also indicate that direct drops should be made when possible to fully. (18) Additionally, the book Fire and Polymers VI: New Advances in Flame Retardant Chemistry and Science presents peer-reviewed summaries of research from 32 national and international studies concluding that the application of flame retardants in furniture, home insulation, and electronics helps prevent or slow the spread of fire.Wood-plastic composites represent a growing class of materials used by the residential construction industry and the furniture industry.

For some applications in these industries, the fire performance of the material must be known, and in some cases improved. However, the fire performance of wood-plastic composites is not well understood, and there is little information regarding the Cited by: